Australian alumina ban disrupts Rusal Nickel-based Alloy prices for chemicals. Patel said. "One possible outcome could be Chinese buyers buying alumina and reselling it through eastern Russian ports." Rusal has a 20% stake in the Queensland Alumina Refinery, which has a capacity of 3.95 million tonnes a year, thus providing Rusal with 790,000 tonnes a year, Patel said. In addition, Rusal's Nikolaev refinery in Ukraine, which has an annual capacity of 1.75 million tonnes, has been suspended due to the conflict, he added. WoodMac said Rusal was also experiencing supply chain problems at its 2 million tonne a year Aughinish refinery in Ireland.
What is GH4049 (GH49) nickel base alloy?
GH4049 is a nickel-based superalloy, which is an age-hardening alloy. The corresponding grade is GH49. Its nickel content is about 70%. After the alloy is remelted by electroslag or vacuum arc, its processing plasticity can be improved. GH4049 superalloy has good hot and cold working properties. The alloy has good oxidation resistance below 1000 °C high temperature environment, high high temperature strength below 950 °C, small notch sensitivity, good oxidation resistance and fatigue strength. , poor single hot working plasticity
Main processing properties of GH4049 (GH49) nickel-based alloy
Compared with nickel-based alloys of the same kind, GH4049 superalloy has poor hot working plasticity. It is suitable for making gas turbine working blades with a working temperature of 850-950 °C. It is mainly used to make turbine blades for aviation, naval and industrial gas turbines. , high-temperature components such as guide vanes, turbine disks, high-pressure compressor disks and combustion chambers; also used in the manufacture of space vehicles, rocket engines, nuclear reactors, petrochemical equipment, and coal conversion and other energy conversion devices.
The nano-surface crystal layer was prepared on the surface of GH4049 nickel-based superalloy by the treatment process. The effects of different ultrasonic shot peening intensity and shot peening time on its yield strength, tensile strength and microhardness were analyzed. Residual stress distribution of the specimen after nanoization. The research results show that the increase of shot peening time has no direct relationship with the improvement of material strength, and with the increase of shot peening time, the strength of the material will decrease due to the damage of the material surface. After ultrasonic shot peening, the microhardness was significantly improved compared with that of the untreated specimen, and a compressive stress layer of about thickness was formed on the surface of the specimen, and the large compressive stress far exceeded the yield limit of the material.
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Inflationary pressures on Canadians continue to rise. The consumer-price index rose 6.7% in March from a year earlier, the biggest increase since January 1991, according to the latest figures from Statistics Canada.
On a month-on-month basis, Canada's CPI rose 1.4 percent in March, also accelerating from February's 1.0 percent rise.
Prices in the eight major sectors covered by the statistics continued to rise. The uptrend comes against the backdrop of continued price pressures in the Canadian housing market, widespread supply chain constraints, and geopolitical conflicts, according to CBC. A variety of factors have affected energy, commodity, and agricultural markets. Meanwhile, Canada's employment picture continued to improve in March, with the unemployment rate falling to a record low and the average hourly earnings of employees rising.
Excluding gasoline, Canada's CPI rose 5.5 percent year on year in March. It is also the highest since comparable data began in 1999.
The widespread supply chain constraints and geopolitical conflicts are expected to continue to affect the prices of the Nickel-based Alloy.
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