Russian president demanded that exports of Russian gas to "unfriendly" countries be settled in rubles. The demand has raised concerns in Germany about possible supply disruptions and the impact on industry and households if utilities do not pay in robles. Europe gets about 40% of its gas from Russia. Last year, Europe imported about 155 billion cubic meters. Germany, Europe's largest economy, depends heavily on Russian gas.
The chief executive of Germany's E.ON said the German economy would face "significant damage, which should be avoided if possible" without Russian supplies. He also said it would take Germany three years to wean itself off Russian gas.
In the event of a supply disruption, Germany's gas network regulator would prioritize home heating over industrial use, so energy-hungry manufacturers such as steelmakers would be the first to suffer, he said.
The volatile international situations will continue to affect the markets and prices of many commodities like the Graphite.
Graphite has many excellent properties, so it is widely used in metallurgy, machinery, electrical, chemical, textile, national defense, and other industrial sectors. The application fields of natural graphite and artificial graphite both overlap and differ from each other.
In the metallurgical industry, natural flake graphite can be used to produce refractory materials such as magnesia-carbon bricks and aluminum-carbon bricks because of its good oxidation resistance.
Artificial graphite can be used as steelmaking electrodes, while electrodes made of natural graphite are difficult to use in steelmaking electric furnaces with harsh operating conditions.
In the machinery industry, graphite materials are usually used as wear-resistant and lubricating materials. Natural flake graphite has good lubricity and is often used as an additive to lubricating oils.
The equipment for conveying corrosive media widely uses piston rings, sealing rings, and bearings made of artificial graphite, and need not add lubricating oil when working.
Natural graphite and polymer resin composite materials can also be used in the above fields, but the wear resistance is not as good as that of artificial graphite.
Artificial graphite has the characteristics of corrosion resistance, good thermal conductivity, and low permeability. It is widely used in the chemical industry to make heat exchangers, reaction tanks, absorption towers, filters, and other equipment.
Natural graphite and polymer resin composite materials can also be used in the above fields, but the thermal conductivity and corrosion resistance are not as good as those of artificial graphite.
To sum up, the development of artificial graphite products with natural graphite as raw material is one of the important ways to expand the application field of natural graphite.
Natural graphite as an auxiliary raw material has long been used in the production of some artificial graphite, but there are still many problems to be solved in the development of artificial graphite products with natural graphite as the main raw material.
Fully understanding and utilizing the structure and properties of natural graphite, and adopting suitable process routes and methods to produce artificial graphite products with special structures, properties, and uses should be the best way to achieve this goal.
High quality graphite manufacturer
Luoyang Moon & Star New Energy Technology Co., LTD, founded on October 17, 2008, is a high-tech enterprise committed to the research and development, production, processing, sales and technical services of lithium ion battery anode materials. After more than 10 years of development, the company has gradually developed into a diversified product structure with natural graphite, artificial graphite, composite graphite, intermediate phase and other negative materials (silicon carbon materials, etc.). The products are widely used in high-end lithium ion digital, power and energy storage batteries.
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In 2021, Russia's palladium, nickel and aluminum exports will account for 24.6%, 21.9% and 9.9% of the global total, respectively. Russia exported 2.819 million tons of palladium, accounting for 43.37% of global production. Platinum exports amounted to 962,000 tons, accounting for 15.01% of global production. Russia controls 10 per cent of the world's copper reserves. Russia and Ukraine are also important producers and exporters of neon gas. Markets were volatile after the russia-Ukraine conflict. As of March 28, the London Metal Exchange (LME) nickel, aluminum and copper prices rose 75.3 percent, 28.3 percent and 4.9 percent respectively from the end of last year, thus driving up costs for downstream companies such as electronics, auto parts, military and aerospace. If you are looking for a Graphite with low price fluctuation range and excellent quality, click here will be a good choice.
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