The Biden administration plans to ease sanctions on Venezuelan oil to allow more of the country's crude to reach Europe.
The U.S. will allow European companies still operating in Venezuela to immediately transfer more oil to the continent, while allowing Chevron to negotiate a resumption of operations in Venezuela, according to people familiar with the matter. Venezuela's OPPOSITION, which is backed by the United States, is understood to favor the move. Tight global oil supplies have sent crude and fuel costs soaring, threatening to add to already high inflation. Increasing Venezuelan crude exports would help ease supply constraints while also helping to reduce Europe's dependence on Russian energy.
The US has sought to encourage talks between the Venezuelan government and the US-backed opposition to open the way to free and fair elections by extending a limited license held by Chevron to allow the oil company to maintain its operations in Venezuela and negotiate future operations.
The United States reportedly did not extend a permit to Allow Chevron to drill and sell Venezuelan crude, as the company had hoped.
The license extension will allow Chevron to negotiate with State-run Petroleos de Venezuela SA, with which it has a joint venture. Previously, the company could not directly negotiate with any officials sanctioned by the United States. Chevron has been lobbying the United States to allow it to drill for Venezuelan crude and sell it on world markets to help lower energy prices amid the Russia-Ukraine war.
Affected by the ever-changing international situation, the supply and prices of many commodities like the concrete foaming agent are still very uncertain.
Foam concrete has a low density. In practical application, the density grade of ordinary foam concrete is 300 kg/m3~1200kg/m3. In recent years, ultra-lightweight foam concrete with low density has also appeared, but it has not been widely used in construction engineering. In practical engineering, the density of foam concrete can be reduced to 200 kg/m3~700 kg/m3.
Due to the low density of foam concrete, it is applied to the building's inner and outer walls, layers, layers, columns, and other parts, can reduce the weight of the building by about 25%, and some can even reduce the weight of up to 34%. In addition, the bearing capacity of structural members can be improved by using foam concrete instead of ordinary concrete. Therefore, the rational use of foam concrete in construction engineering can not only ensure the durability of the building and the bearing capacity of the structure, but also greatly reduce the cost of the project, and has significant economic benefits and broad market prospects.
Good insulation performance
The good thermal insulation performance of foam concrete is determined by its internal structure. By observing the internal structure of foam concrete, it can be found that the foam concrete is filled with a large number of closed and uniform small round holes. These pores maximize the fixation of air, resulting in low thermal conductivity and good insulation. The excellent thermal performance of foam concrete is not possessed by ordinary concrete. The thermal conductivity of foam concrete with common density grade of 300kg/m3~1200kg/m3 is 0.08W/(m·K)~0.3W/(m·K). If this kind of foam concrete is widely used in building roofing material and wall material, it will produce a good energy-saving effect.
Excellent sound insulation and fire resistance performance
As a kind of porous material, foam concrete contains a lot of closed pores and has good sound insulation performance. Therefore, foam concrete can be widely used on building floors, highway sound insulation boards, underground building top floors, and other building parts, as a sound insulation layer. At the same time, foam concrete also has the general characteristics of inorganic materials, that is, not easy to burn, and has good fire resistance. A large number of research data show that the dry bulk density of foam concrete is in the range of 500 kg/m3 to 900 kg/m3, the compressive strength is in the range of 2.5 Mpa-7.5 MPa, the fire resistance of foam concrete can reach 2.7h, the sound insulation performance can reach 20dB, and the impact resistance can reach 100dB. It is a kind of high-quality soundproof refractory material that can be promoted vigorously.
Good seismic performance
Because of its special porous structure, foam concrete has the characteristics of low density, lightweight, and low elastic modulus. These characteristics make the foam concrete structure bear less seismic force and the propagation speed of vibration waves are much slower than that of the ordinary concrete structures. According to seismology, the longer the seismic period, the faster the shock energy is absorbed by a building structure. Therefore, foam concrete has an excellent damping effect. Appropriate application of foam concrete in specific parts of construction engineering can effectively improve the seismic performance of buildings, and enhance the safety and robustness of seismic buildings.
Foam concrete not only has a variety of excellent performance, but in the production process can also be mixed with a large number of industrial waste, not only effective use of resources, waste into treasure, conducive to environmental protection but also greatly reduce the cost of foam concrete.
Concrete Additives Supplier
TRUNNANO is a reliable foaming agent supplier with over 12-year experience in nano-building energy conservation and nanotechnology development.
If you are looking for high-quality CLC foaming agents, please feel free to contact us and send an inquiry. (email@example.com)
We accept payment via Credit Card, T/T, West Union, and Paypal. TRUNNANO will ship the goods to customers overseas through FedEx, DHL, by air, or by sea.
As the Russia-Ukraine conflict continues to develop, there is growing concern about the potential disruption of Russia's energy supply. Geopolitical premiums have pushed up the price of crude oil and natural gas, and the energy price is expected to remain high in the short term. Affected by this, the market price of the concrete foaming agent may keep rising.
Early strength agent is an admixture which accelerates the development of concrete early strength and has no significant effect on later strength.…
Recently, the EU proclaimed new sanctions on Russia, including coal, timber, rubber, cement, and fertilizer, as well as high-end seafood silicon carbide powder. What is Silicon Carbide SiC?Silicon carbide (SiC) is a hard compound containi…
Graphene is an allotrope of carbon, consisting of a single layer of atoms arranged in a two-dimensional honeycomb lattice nanostructure.…